您的位置 :航运界 > 专访休斯顿港务局商务总经理毛思历

专访休斯顿港务局商务总经理毛思历

发布时间:11月05日 12时  来源:航运界
 
10月16日,在深圳“泛太平洋海运会议亚洲年会(TPM Asia 2013)”上,航运界网专访了休斯顿港务局(PHA)商务总经理毛思历(JOHN A. MOSELEY)。

 
航运界:可否先介绍一下休斯顿港?
毛思历:首先,感谢能够利用这个机会代表休斯顿港务局与大家交流。首先为大家介绍一下休斯顿港,依照国外货吨位计算,休斯顿港是美国第一大港,我们的码头每年处理超过2300万吨货物。同时,休斯顿港也是全美第六大集装箱港口,墨西哥湾最大的港口,每年有约200万TEU的集装箱吞吐量,约占墨西哥湾港口集装箱处理量的70%。
 
航运界:休斯敦港是怎样定位自己的市场战略的?
毛思历:我们的首要战略是开发新市场,发展那些新兴市场的业务,例如亚洲—太平洋市场。三年前,我们与Ben Line Agencies确立合作关系,它是我们在亚洲区域的代表。目前,已经代表我们在亚洲15个国家,100多个城市开展业务。因为亚洲是我们最重要的业务区域,目前,这一区域的业务构成了休斯顿港总体业务约24%的业务,而在十年前,这一数字在2%左右。2012年至2013年,我们亚洲区域的业务增长了40%。
第二个战略就是保证我们的港口业务有着多样化的组合。我们在出口方面非常强势,但我们非常希望能够拓展进口业务。我们希望能够用出口来撬动进口业务的增长,这是该战略的第一个重要组成部分。同时,我们希望多样化货种和我们的客户群,我们也正在努力去做。
第三个重要战略就是,确保我们拥有全美乃至全世界最好的基础设施。我们在港口疏浚方面大力投资,确保我们的航道够宽、够深,以便接待下一代集装箱船。同时我们也加了在港口机械方面的投资,例如桥吊,以确保能够操作超巴拿马型船舶。
我们开发快速增长的新型市场,多样化我们的业务,加大基础设施投资,这是我们在全美保持领导地位的战略。
 
航运界:对于船舶大型化的趋势,休斯顿港是怎么应对的,又做了哪些工作?
毛思历:船舶大型化趋势,我们对这一概念并不陌生,全世界对这个概念也不陌生。目前,有很多关于船舶大型化的讨论,船舶变得越来越大,船舶体量的增长率也越来越快。但坦白的讲,过去的2000年,船舶都一直在变大,并且,我们有着悠久的经验来应对。当世界上第一个集装箱被发明后,休斯顿是目的港,我们处理了从纽约发往休斯顿的第一个集装箱。今天,船舶变得越来越大,每个人都在准备,世界的港口都在准备,巴拿马运河在准备,每个人都在做他应该做的。但是我们时刻准备着,我们有着100多年的增长和发展历史,我们一直确保能够停靠处理“未来的船舶”。
 
航运界:得克萨斯州的农业对休斯顿港有何影响?
毛思历:得克萨斯已经连续11年荣膺美国第一大出口州。能够保持第一,很大原因在于农产品的出口,包括粮食和棉花。棉花出口到中国、土耳其等国家。同时,农产品也是休斯顿出口的重要组成部分。很多年来,纽约一直是美国最大的出口城市,2012年,我们休斯顿正式赶超纽约,成为全美最大的出口城市。之所以能有这样的赶超,农业出口关系很大。
 
航运界:页岩气浪潮对于休斯顿港有着什么样的影响?
毛思历:页岩气正在改变能源生产和化工业发展的一切,目前休斯顿航道(Houston Ship Channel)坐落着全美最大、世界第二的化工基地。由于页岩气技术,生产树脂,化学品等衍生品的成本降低,目前该地区有120家化工项目正在建设,总投资超过1500亿美元。由于这些化学工业项目的投资建设,到2017年,我们预计休斯敦港每年的出口额外增长,保守估计在20万TEU,最高增长将在80万TEU。化工产业的扩张项目和页岩气革命正在美国发生,它对休斯顿影响巨大,对得克萨斯、美国乃至全球都有着卓越的影响。
 
航运界:休斯敦港对美国就业做出了什么样的贡献?
毛思历:目前,休斯顿港影响着得克萨斯超过100万工作岗位,影响着全美超过210万工作岗位。休斯顿港为得克萨斯州的经济活动贡献了将近1800亿美元,为美国国内贡献超过5000亿美元。化工项目的扩张和页岩气革命将使这些指标更快增长。正在发生的一切令人赞叹。
 
航运界:你们对于工人罢工这样的事件,有着什么样的应急方案?
毛思历:我们很幸运,在美国,我们有两个公会。在美国西岸,是ILWU;在美东和墨西哥湾地区,是ILA。去年,ILA劳动合同的谈判已经完成,所以在2014年,我们没有即将要谈判的劳动合同。下一年,美西的ILWU将会更新劳动合同,像洛杉矶港,长滩港和其他美西港口,承运人将采取应急计划把更多的货物转移到休斯顿港。所以,如果说要有什么可以预测的,休斯顿港的持续增长、持续繁荣,我们已经超过30年没有任何罢工了。
 
航运界:感谢您接收我们的采访。
毛思历:谢谢。
 
 
 
以下为采访文字实录:
 
First of all, thank you very much for this opportunity to share a little bit of respective for regarding port of Houston, the port of Houston here actually with my colleague Matthew Soloman, MS is with Ben Line agency, they are our partners in Asia, they are Asia representative for 15 countries across Asia. The port of Houston together with Ben Line, have a representation in 15 countries, and more than 100 cities across Asia, such as China, Taiwan, Korea, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Tai land, Vietnam, Malaysia, Singapor, ,Japan etc. We have port representative across Asia, because Asia is a very important trade for port of Houston. Just give you little background about the port of Houston, the port of Houston is the largest port in United States by foreign tonnage, more than 230 million tons of cargo go across the dock of Houston every year. We’re the 6th largest containerized port in north America, we are the largest port in gulf coast where we situated, we are in Central United States in Gulf of Mexico, and we’re the Number 1 port in gulf coast, in the US gulf of Mexico. We handle about 2 million TEU of cargo and we are the largest port of Gulf, approximately 70% of share of container traffic of Gulf coast. 
 
what are our number 1 strategy is wecht and develop new markets, develop those market which is the fast growing market, that is 1 strategy. The second strategy is going after insuring we have a diversified portfolio of port business. So is part of strategy trying to go after the fast growing market, this is Asia- transpacific business come to display. 3 years ago, we established the partnership with Ben Line for represent us, port of Houston,in Asia. Because Asia is our most important trading area, today represent approximately 24percent of our overall business in the port of Houston, 10 years ago, it’s less than 2percent, so it’s our fastest growing trade, year on year, between 2012 and 2013, our Asia business is growing more 40 percent. So the first part of strategy, maintain this level, and be a leader is to make sure we are targeting the right market, and Asia is a very large market. 
The second strategy, which I mentioned to you, is diversification, make sure we have a diversified portfolio, so we really try to target import business, that is transpacific eastbound containers, that is very important for us because we are very strong in export. So we are trying to  leverage the export to build the import, that important component. We also trying to diversified the in terms of commodities, and in terms of customers we handle, we are really work hard to do that well. And then the third part of strategy is insuring our infrastructure is the best in United States, best in the world. So we invest heavily in our dredge program, to make sure our deep, to make sure our wide, so we get handle the future generation of large container ship, we also make sure that we have right equipment, such as cranes, super post-panamax equipments to handle big vessels. We do those things, we do investment in our infrastructure to maintain our leadership  position, we invest and diversify our portfolio business, we invest going after the fast growing market, like transpacific, that’s what our strategy is to really maintain our position as leader in United States.
 
This trend of ship get bigger, we’are not new about this concept, and the world is not new to this concept. I mean, it’s a lot of discussion about it today, because of the size of the ship and the increasing of the size of ship is accelerate of rate. But honestly, ships been getting bigger for last 2000 years, and actually, we have a very long experience, because Houston is the first port in the world to receive the first container when it invented. The “Ideal X ", April of 1956, move from New york to Houston, so our history is very long in the container ship. Now, these ship then, about 58 container size. Today the ship getting bigger and bigger, everybody is preparing, every port in the world is preparing, and the panama cannel is preparing, we doning what we need to to do, and the panama cannel is doing what he need to do. But we always been prepared, we have 100 years of history of growing and developing, and make sure that we are always prepared to handle the big ship of tomorrow. 
 
The state of Texas is the Number 1 export state in United States for 11 years, the big reason why number 1 is our agriculture export in addition to our petrochemical industry, which included grains, and included cotton, and resins and chemicals going place like China, Turkey, Germany, Brazil and countries all over Asia, Latin America and Europe. Chemicals are a very big part of our business, another reason why export, , is even because of Houston, Houston is the number 1 export city in United States, that’s a new figure, just came 2012, we overtake New york, new york for many years, is number 1. Today Houston is number 1 export city and petrochemicals and agriculture have a lot to do with that. 
 
Today maybe you have heard the Chairman of Evergreen, the focus of his presentation was the big export boom in Houston, and in Texas, and in Gulf coast. Shale gas is change everything in the world regarding energy production and how petrochemical industry is been developed, today the Houston ship Channel is the home to largest petrochemical complexity in the Americans, number 2 in the world. We have a very big capacity petrochemical development, and because of the shale gas technology, and the fracting the cost of producing resin, chemicals, and all the derivatives come form the gas products is drooping very low. Today is 120 petrochemical plants project under way today, with the cost of  value of over 150 billion dollars. So with this development, petrochemical factory and plants are developing to crate more exports for the future, in 2017, we’re anticipating our export to grow by additional 200 thousands TEUs minimum, to approximate maximum of maybe 800 thousands TEUs per year . So somewhere between 200thousands to 800 thousands taus per year, additional new business will be exported through the port of Houston, because of the petrochemical expansion project, and the shale gas discoveries that been happening in US today, so it’s very big industry that have a big impact on Houston, have a big impact in Texas, and US, and the world. 
 
Today the Port of Houston impacts more than 1million jobs in Texas, more than 2.1millions jobs in US. The port of Houston contributes to nearly 180 billion dollars worth of economical activities in the state of Texas, about 500 billion in US, this expansion project will make it grow even fast than it even today. This is really remarkable what happening. 
 
We are quite fortunately, in US, you have 2 different Union. You have ILWU, which on the west coast ports, and ILA, in the gulf coast, and east coast. Last year, the ILA concluded the labor negotiations, so we don’t have any contract or other in place, next year, I understand, the ILWU is undergoing new negotiations, that under west coast. So the Port of Houston is not impacted by any labor negotiations in 2014. However, because of the negotiations on the west coasts, in port like LA, Long Beach, and others on the west coast, shipper are take contingency plans to move more cargoes to the port of Houston. So if any thing we anticipating, continue grows, continue prosperity through the port of Houston, where we haven’t had any labor disruption for more than 30 years. The big drivers for Asia Transpacific trade shifting from West Coast to the Port of Houston have been the cost, favorable transit times and overall better access to this important and fast growing part of the country。
 
 
0

相关阅读:

 
社区登录
社区热点 更多>>
迷你博客 查看更多>>
王清三无阶级~加油!(回复)
陈国卿船舶保险条款 PICC86 & PICC96的比较 分类:船壳保(回复)
钟晓乐方舟子戳破几个常识性的谎言,就被满网抄斩,逼得逃往平时他(回复)
钟晓乐看了渣浪的所谓的对话直播,只播出官员们的说话,学生的话,连(回复)
钟晓乐拳王阿里,除了是体育人物,还是宗教人物和政治人物.在拒绝接(回复)
第一天来,冒个头(回复)
第一天来,冒个头(回复)
爱船网-航运信息港(www.aiship.cn)加微信有惊喜哦 微信号(回复)
钟晓乐刚看完了 How to Train Your Dragon 2,大概是一个讲一个邪(回复)
周建芳(回复)
周建芳感觉到了一丝丝凉意!(回复)
朱胤峰我司专业日本航线十年,欢迎同行询价、合作。 我司优势有很(回复)
武嘉璐现在CI已经没有了么?竟然消失了(回复)