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|发布时间:07月16日 13时 来源:航运界
——航运界网专访DNV GL集团高级市场分析师薄查德（PIERRE POCHARD）
Ship.sh:Can you please introduce the newbuilding market so far in 2014 for us?
Pochard：According to IHS Fairplay there were 715 contracts (26.9 mill. GT) signed in the 1st Q 2014.
The activity has been gradually slowing down over the past 3 months, with March being by far the
weakest month, with only 112 contracts placed.
In light of climbing newbuilding prices in combination with limited slots availability,
the slow-down comes as no surprise.
With respect to the ship types the strongest segments were still bulk carriers with
275 new contracts, followed by tankers (125), container ships (48) and gas carriers
with 37 contracts (LPG 32 and LNG 5).
We also experienced lower ordering in the offshore segment with 92 contracts;
however the mobile offshore units segment seemed to be less affected compared
to the OSV market.
Almost 44% of all contracts went to Chinese yards. Among them there were 150 bulkers,
24 containers, 18 PSVs and 11 Jack-ups.
Korea received 119 contracts (17%), with 47 tankers, 20 bulkers, 15 containers
(mostly within 14k TEU + segment) as well as staggering number of LPG carriers
(22 out of 32 total).
Japan was awarded with 23% of all new contracts (166), mostly bulkers (84),
MR and chemical tankers (29) and gas carriers (1 LNG and 5 LPG).
Ship.sh:As you mentioned before, Chinese shipyards began to enter
the field of offshore from last year, do you think they ready yet?
Pochard：Building an offshore mobile unit is very much different from building
a traditional merchant ship. China’s offshore yards need to focus on production efficiency,
quality, and on time delivery to further improve their competence in offshore. But in general
China is taking a growing share of the mobile offshore units (mainly jackups so far) and
is eager to build up stronger competence in the offshore segment in order to compete
against South Korean yards.
Ship.sh：Nowadays, as we all know that Japan, South Korea and china are the
top three world's shipbuilding country. So, which one you are more optimistic, why?
Pochard：Since the contracting downturn many of the small Chinese yards which opened
between 2005 and 2010, focusing almost exclusively on bulk carriers, have struggled to fill
their orderbook. Some big state-owned yards and private yards have, on the other hand, been very successful in securing orders.
There is a big diversity among Chinese yards and in the longer term it is more likely that the state-yards and top 10 local yards will be first to react due to their relative maturity and ability
to be more competitive in a greater variety of vessel sectors.
The shipbuilding industry in South Korea is very mature and most of the yards have been
able to manage the turning point in the shipbuilding cycle.
The largest shipyards in South Korea have also increasingly focused on the offshore
sector to counter-balance the decline of orders in the merchant sectors. Therefore there
should be limited downward adjustments to South Korean capacity in the short term.
Japanese yards did not expand capacity to such a degree as their Chinese and South Korean
competitors during the contracting boom. Japanese yards have also been very good at marketing “eco-design” and used their experience and technical reputation to help securing orders for complex ship types.
薄查德获法国大学Paris 4 “La Sorbonne” 应用数学、统计和计算机科学专业的硕士学位。他于2007年加入DNV GL 挪威总部，参与了很多市场进入研究、和对于主要船厂和船东的市场分析。
Pierre Pochard received his MSc degree in Applied Mathematics, Statistics and Computer
Sciences from the French University of Paris 4 “La Sorbonne”.
In 2007, he joined DNV GL in Oslo (Norway) and has been involved in numerous market
entry studies, market analysis for major yards and ship owners.
Since 2008 he works as a Senior Market Analyst. His responsibilities include collection,
analysis and reporting of data relating to the shipping and offshore markets and
providing analytical expertise within DNV GL.
Pierre Pochard moved in Shanghai in 2012, to support the DNV GL region “Asia Pacific”
and his main area of research is the shipbuilding market.
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